|Volume of Solvent Added||x|
40+ calculators in one app
Download it for free
Dilution is the process of lessening the concentration of a solute in a solution.
Essentially, a solution has two key components:
For example, if you mix two spoons of sugar in a glass of water, sugar is the solute and water is the solvent. When you are diluting a solution, you are decreasing the concentration of the solvent.
The quantity of solute present in a given solution is its concentration. The concentration of a solution is often expressed in a term called Molarity, denoted by M.
Molarity means the number of moles of a solute in the total liters of a solution.
Molarity of a solute = Number of moles of solute/ Total volume of the solution in liters
Note: Mole is the fundamental quantity in chemistry that is used to count a given element or a compound. For more information on moles, check our free online molar mass calculator.
Dilution of a solution is measured in two ways:
Consider this scenario. If on a bottle of solution, you find that it has 10% of alcohol by volume, it means that the solution contains 10ml of alcohol dissolved in 100ml of solution. A similar explanation holds good for dilution by weight also.
Key points to note about the dilution of a solution:
The dilution of a solution is calculated using the following formula:
c1V1= c2V2Where, c1 = initial concentration or molarity
In our day to day life, we come across many dilutions knowingly or unknowingly. Here is a list of examples from our day to day life that helps you to understand better the concept of dilution of a solution:
Dilution is an important concept because of many of its applications, as discussed below:
Quick tip on dilution:
Here is the most common confusion that every student faces – When you want to make a solution of one liter, with, say, 250ml of concentrated solution, you should not add 250ml of concentrate to one liter of water!!
Instead, take 250ml of concentrate in a one-liter measuring jar, and add water of 750 ml and mix thoroughly. This is the appropriate solution you needed to make.
Have you seen this fun line ever - “Don’t drink water while studying. Because chemistry says that concentration decreases on adding water”.
Lol! There is a fact in this – that addition of water decreases the concentration of liquids, but not your brain’s! In fact, drinking adequate water is essential while studying because it keeps your brain hydrated and active! Do you know this: A human brain contains 73% of water itself? And if you are not taking enough water at regular intervals, you experience fatigue and headaches too!
Using CalculatorHut’s online free dilution calculator, you can easily calculate the concentrations and volumes of dilution of a solution very easily. It is user-friendly and gives the results instantly!
CalculatorHut is a proven and trustable source for online scientific calculators for free. We have a wide range of 100+ online calculators for free that answer any of your calculation needs with ease.
Online free finance calculators, health calculators, vehicle calculators, mathematics, chemistry and physics calculators, miscellaneous calculators – CalculatorHut hosts all these online free calculators on any topic! With CalculatorHut, your online scientific and miscellaneous calculations become pretty simple!
Have you tried our free calculator app? Yes, CalculatorHut comes as a free app for its users, and you can download and do calculations at your convenience!
Have you checked our huge range of 100+ online calculators for free? Why late? Do it now. You would love the range and their ease of usage. If you want any of our calculators as widgets on your website, or if you observed that we missed any calculator on our website, please let us know at [email protected] We would love to hear from you! Happy calculating!